Periodic Table with Charges

By: DoYouKnow.IN | Views: 1040 | Date: 20-Oct-2012

The periodic table with charges will help you get a simplified representation of all elements and their respective charges, when they are in the ionic state. This periodic table article gives an insight about determining the charge of an element. Read on...

Science students who have studied chemistry as one of the subjects must be well-acquainted with the labeled periodic table. In fact, that's the first step towards understanding the basic concepts of chemistry. While studying the history of periodic table, you will come across the Mendeleev periodic table, developed in 1869 by Dmitri Mendeleev, a Russian chemist. In this table, chemical elements with symbols are arranged according to increasing order of the mass number.

The modern periodic table of elements, or just periodic table, is a tabular representation of the identified elements (as of date 118) along with their respective symbolic name and atomic number. Thus, instead of sorting elements as per their mass number (which is so in Mendeleev periodic table), elements are arranged from left to right, according to increasing order of the atomic number. This labeled periodic table of element with names and their atomic number helps in easy interpretation of the properties of elements.

You may also come across periodic table with atomic mass that gives a simplified view of the elements with their respective mass numbers (total number of protons and neutrons). Likewise, the periodic table with charges illustrates elements with the probable charges, when they are in the ionic form. And a periodic table with atomic mass and charges interprets both the charges and atomic mass. Briefly speaking, the charge of an element in its ionic form refers to the actual number of electrons that it loses or gains to achieve the nearest noble gas configuration. 

Periodic Table with Charges: Explained

When we say the charge of an element, it refers to the ionic charge of the corresponding element. Considering this, the charge of an atom in its natural state is zero. To be more precise, charge is the difference between the number of protons (positively charged particles) and the number of electrons (negatively charged particles). So, for a non-reacting atom, the charge is zero, as the number of proton is equal to the number of electrons and vice versa. It is a fact that metal elements lose electrons to attain a noble gas configuration, whereas non-metallic elements gain electrons to achieve the same.

s-blockTransition Elements
d-block
p-blockNobel
Element
Group123456789101112131415161718
11
H
+1
2
He
0
2 3
Li
+1
4
Be
+2
5
B
6
C
7
N
-3
8
O
-2
9
F
-1
10
Ne
0
3 11
Na
+1
12
Mg
+2
13
Al
+3
14
Si
15
P
-3
16
S
-2
17
Cl
-1
18
Ar
0
4 19
K
+1
20
Ca
+2
21
Sc
+3
22
Ti
+2,+3,+4
23
V
+2,+3,+4,
+5
24
Cr
+2,+3,+6
25
Mn
+2,+3,+4,
+7
26
Fe
+2,+3
27
Co
+2,+3
28
Ni
+2,+3
29
Cu
+1,+2
30
Zn
+2
31
Ga
+3
32
Ge
+2,+4
33
As
-3
34
Se
-2
35
Br
-1
36
Kr
0
5 37
Rb
+1
38
Sr
+2
39
Y
+3
40
Zr
+4
41
Nb
+3,+5
42
Mo
+6
43
Tc
+4,+6,+7
44
Ru
+3
45
Rh
+3
46
Pd
+2,+4
47
Ag
+1
48
Cd
+2
49
In
+3
50
Sn
+2,+4
51
Sb
+3,+5
52
Te
-2
53
I
-1
54
Xe
0
6 55
Cs
+1
56
Ba
+2
57 - 71
La-Lu
72
Hf
+4
73
Ta
+5
74
W
+6
75
Re
+4,+6,+7
76
Os
+3,+4
77
Ir
+3,+4
78
Pt
+2,+4
79
Au
+1,+3
80
Hg
+1,+2
81
Tl
+1,+3
82
Pb
+2,+4
83
Bi
+3,+5
84
Po
+2,+4
85
At
-1
86
Rn
0
7 87
Fr
+1
88
Ra
+2
89 -103
Ac-Lr

104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
Lanthanide 57
La
+3
58
Ce
+3,+4
59
Pr
+3
60
Nd
+3
61
Pm
+3
62
Sm
+2,+3
63
Eu
+2,+3
64
Gd
+3
65
Tb
+3
66
Dy
+3
67
Ho
+3
68
Er
+3
69
Tm
+3
70
Yb
+2,+3
71
Lu
+3
Actinide 89
Ac
+3
90
Th
+4
91
Pa
+4,+5
92
U
+3,+4,+5,
+6
93
Np
+3,+4,+5,
+6
94
Pu
+3,+4,+5,
+6
95
Am
+3,+4,+5,
+6
96
Cm
+3
97
Bk
+3,+4
98
Cf
+3
99
Es
+3
100
Fm
+3
101
Md
+2,+3
102
No
+2,+3
103
Lr
+3


Key for the Periodic Table

Alkali Metals
Alkaline Earth Metals
Lanthinides
Actinides
Transition Metals
Poor Metals
Other Metals
Nobel Gases
Metalloids
Unknown Chemical Properties

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