DTC - Direct Tax Code - Income Tax Slabs For Financial Year 2012-13

By: DoYouKnow.IN | Views: 20898 | Date: 08-Aug-2011

The New Direct Tax Code (DTC) is said to replace the existing Income Tax Act of 1961 in India. During the budget 2010 presentation, the finance minister Mr. Pranab Mukherjee reiterated his commitment to bringing into fore the new direct tax code (DTC) into force from 1st of April, 2011, but same could not be fulfilled and now it will be applicable from 1st April, 2012.

The New Direct Tax Code (DTC) is said to replace the existing Income Tax Act of 1961 in India. During the budget 2010 presentation, the finance minister Mr. Pranab Mukherjee reiterated his commitment to bringing into fore the new direct tax code (DTC) into force from 1st of April, 2011, but same could not be fulfilled and now it will be applicable from 1st April, 2012.

DTC bill was tabled in parliament on 3oth August, 2010. There are big changes now in monsoon session and There are now much less benefits as compared to what were in the original proposal. You can download the bill tabled in parliament from below link:

Here are some of the salient features and highlights of the DTC:

1. DTC removes most of the categories of exempted income. Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs), Equity Mutual Funds (ELSS), Term deposits, NSC (National Savings certificates), Long term infrastructures bonds, house loan principal repayment, stamp duty and registration fees on purchase of house property will loose tax benefits.

2. Tax saving based investment limit remains 100,000 but another 50,000 has been added just for pure life insurance (Sum insured is at least 20 times the premium paid) , health insurance, mediclaims policies and tuition fees of children. But the one lakh investment can now only be done in provident fund, superannuation fund, gratuity fund and new pension fund.

3. The tax rates and slabs have been modified. The proposed rates and slabs are as follows:

Annual IncomeTax Slab
Up-to INR  200,000 (for senior citizens 250,000)Nil
Between INR 200,000 to 500,00010%
Between INR 500,000 to 1,000,00020%
Above INR 1,000,00030%

Men and women are treated same now 

4. Exemption will remain same as 1.5 lakhs per year for interest on housing loan for self-occupied property.

5. Only half of Short-term capital gains will be taxed. e.g. if you gains 50,000, add 25,000 to your taxable income.
Long term capital gains (From equities and equity mutual funds, on which STT has been paid) are still exempted from income tax.

6. As per changes on 15th June, 2010, Tax exemption at all three stages (EEE) —savings, accretions and withdrawals—to be allowed for provident funds (GPF, EPF and PPF), NPS (new pension scheme administered by PFRDA), Retirement benefits (gratuity, leave encashment, etc), pure life insurance products & annuity schemes. Earlier DTC wanted to tax withdrawals.

7. Surcharge and education cess are abolished.

8.  For incomes arising of House Property: Deductions for Rent and Maintenance would be reduced from 30% to 20% of the Gross Rent. Also all interest paid on house loan for a rented house is deductible from rent.
Before DTC, if you own more than one property, there was provision for taxing notional rent even if the second house was not put to rent. But, under the Direct Tax Code 2010 , such a concept has been  abolished.

9. Tax exemption on LTA (leave travel allowance) is abolished.

10. Tax exemption on Education loan to continue.

11. Corporate tax reduced from 34% to 30% including education cess and surcharge.

12. Taxation of Capital gains from property sale : For sale within one year, gain is to be added to taxable salary.
For long term gain (after one year of purchase), instead of flat rate of 20% of gain after indexation benefit, new concept has been introduced. Now gain after indexation will be added to taxable income and taxed at per the tax slab.
Base date for cost of acquisition has been changed to 1st April, 2000 instead of earlier 1st April, 1981.

14. Medical reimbursement : Max limit for medical reimbursements has been increased to 50,000 per year from current 15,000 limit.

15. Tax on dividends: Equity mutual fund will attract 5% dividend distribution tax (DDT). DDT has been removed from debt and non-equity based mutual funds but now dividends on non-equity funds will be taxable in investor’s hand as per his slab rates. There will also be a TDS 0f 10% (20% in case of NRI and companies)  if dividend is more than 10,000 Rs for non-equity funds.

15. Bad news for NRIs : As per the current laws, a NRI is liable to pay tax on global income if he is in India for a period more than 182 days in a financial year. But in new bill, this duration has been changed to just 60 days.

An NRI will be deemed as resident only if he has also resided in India for 365 days or more in the preceding four financial years, together with 60 days in any of these fiscal years.  Even if an NRI becomes a resident in any financial year, his global income does not immediately become liable to tax in India. Global income would become taxable only if the person also stayed in India for nine out of 10 precedent years, or 730 days in the preceding seven years.

This is very unfair to Seafarers. To avoid any income tax, an Indian sailor employed with a foreign ship will have to stay maximum for 60 days in India.

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1  + 1 =     
J N Kalita  |  21-Feb-2012 09:40:36 IST
Taxable income slab should be increased to Rs. 500,000/- for salaried persons
Deepak  |  21-Feb-2012 12:12:55 IST
Tax slab for salaried should be min 300000 and investment limit should go upto 200000 without any specifics
Samson  |  01-Mar-2012 17:25:59 IST
Income tax for men and women should be broght under same slabs and for sr.citizens there should be relief like last year but for men and women tax exemption should be doubled from 1.8 lacs to atleast 3.60 lacs for fy 12-13, let govt take stringent actions to bring black money,unaccounted money and punish severly all corrupted govt.servants from attender to prime minister as they say all are equal in the sight of law.
Massey Kumar  |  03-Mar-2012 08:48:40 IST
When price of every commodities, petrol, basic necessaties are rising up, it does not make any sense to exempt tax upto 2,00,0000 only. It should be 3,50,0000 at least. Salaried people should not be overburdened with tax.
Amit  |  14-Mar-2012 16:18:51 IST
There should not be any secification on investment type while taking excemption.
RAMACHANDRAN  |  14-Apr-2012 12:27:29 IST
Salaried employees should not be suffered with tax. Hence the threshold limit should be min. of Rs.360000/- i.e. Rs.30,000/- permonth. The Finance Minister should assess the price of essential commidities and accordingly fix the threshold limit of the salaried employee.
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