THE NATIONAL FLAG OF INDIA is in tricolour (TIRANGA) of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportions.
THE NATIONAL FLAG OF INDIA is in tricolour ( TIRANGA) of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportions.
The Indian flag is a horizontal tricolour in equal proportion of deep saffron on the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. The ratio of the width to the length of the flag is two is to three. In the centre of the white band, there is a wheel in navy blue to indicate the Dharma Chakra, the wheel of law in the Sarnath Lion Capital. This center symbol or the 'CHAKRA', is a Buddhist symbol dating back to 200th century BC.
Its diameter approximates the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes, which intends to show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation. The saffron stands for courage, sacrifice and the spirit of renunciation; the white, for purity and truth; the green for faith and fertility. The design of the National Flag of India was adopted by India's constituent assembly on 22nd july, 1947. It's use and display are regulated by a code. The flag symbolizes freedom. The late Prime Minister Pandit Nehru called it a flag not only of freedom for ourselves, but a symbol of freedom for all people.
The Amendment to the Flag code in India. 2002
Indian flag code amendment .The Republic Day on January 26, 2002, was a very special day for Indians. Fifty-four years after the tiranga was adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the national flag, the citizens were free to hoist the Indian flag thanks to a public interest petition filed by Navin Jindal, a young industrialist from Madhya Pradesh, India .
This amendment removed the restrictions which only allowed government offices and higher functionaries of government to fly the Indian flag freely.
Before the amendent, the general public could do so only on a few selected national days, eg. the Independence Day and Republic Day of India.
The government's decision took place after a public interest petition filed by Mr. Navin Jindal, an industrialist from Madhya Pradesh, in the Delhi High Court. The case moved upto the Supreme Court of India, which asked the government to set up a committee to review Jindal's public interest petition .
The Union cabinet of India approved an amendment to the Indian flag code with some modifications and conditions intended to safeguard the flags dignity, honour and respect.
The courts found nothing unreasonable in the patriotic justification by Mr. Jindal, who used to hoist the flag atop his office. Earlier having done so and he found the flag confiscated for apparently going against the flag code. Mr. Jindal argued that flying his countries flag was indeed his fundamental right as an Indian citizen, a way to express his love and faith.
Finally the ban on display of Indian national flag by Indians was lifted thanks to the Delhi high court and the supreme court, and ofcourse Mr. Jindal. The Union cabinet approved an amendment to the flag code with some modifications and conditions intended to safeguard its dignity and honour. The landmark judgement to the Indian Flag code came on 15th January, 2002.