Indian Railways are the system which is essential for health of the nation. IR is the abbreviated form of Indian Railways. Indian Railways are the world’s second leading under one management.
Indian Railways are the system which isessential for health of the nation. IR is the abbreviated form of IndianRailways. Indian Railways are the http://www.irctcpnrstatusinfo.com/southern-railway.htmlworld’s second leading under one management.The railways join the different division of the country together, transporting itsarmed forces, providing postal services, and is therefore instrumental in theindustrial development of India,carrying the raw materials like petroleum, coal, fertilizers, cement, steel andfood grains. Indian Railways are divided into zones and they further dividedinto sub-zones. Railways are the main mode of communication for the citizensand goods of this vast country, which is 3,287,590 square kilometers in areawith a population that is in excess of one billion. Indian Railways is anorganization with a history of 150 years.
Atits peak the share of Railways in the stowage segment was a high of 88 percent, which has decreased to lower than 33% now. The market share of theRailways in the passenger traffic has also fallen harshly, from 72% in 1950-51to 16% by 1998-99. Currently the market share of Railways in the passengertraffic is 72% in and freight traffic is 33%. The Railways has not been able tostand its ground and is losing out to the road sector, in the main segment andto air in the premium segment.
Industrialization and supplementary postindustrialization there have been chief changes in the freight movement patternof bulk assets like coal, cement, fertilizers, and steel, POL (petrol, oil& lubricants). The normal lead of this commodity is reduced. Further thereis a sideways shift of this reducing lead is to the road. Other results of thederegulation of the road and air segment is the improvement in the efficienciesof the road and air sector in comparison with the Railways and further wearingaway of its market share. The technology improvements gave another outcome eventhough an indirect one. It has provided large workforce redundant in theorganizations. A mechanism that has been effectively used by organizations torespond to the change in their environments worldwide has been utilization ofInformation Technology.
Over the years, Indian Railways had built up highlystructured and well established manual information system to help themmonitoring their moving possessions. Supported by an enthusiastic voicecommunications network, it collects and transmits information from the remotestcorners of the country to control centers, at the highest level. The size andcomplexity of their operations, growing traffic and changing technologies,placed inevitably a heavy burden on this manual information system. Need forits modernization was therefore felt for sometime.
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